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Sunday, July 12, 2009

Machen, J. Gresham 1881-1937

John Gresham Machen (July 28, 1881January 1, 1937) was an American Presbyterian theologian in the early 20th century. He was the Professor of New Testament at Princeton Seminary between 1915 and 1929, and led a conservative revolt against modernist theology at Princeton and formed Westminster Theological Seminary as a more orthodox alternative. As the Northern Presbyterian Church continued to reject conservative attempts to enforce faithfulness to the Westminster Confession, Machen led a small group of conservatives out of the church to form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. When the northern Presbyterian church (PCUSA) rejected his arguments during the mid-1920s and decided to reorganize Princeton Seminary to create a moderate school, Machen took the lead in founding Westminster Seminary in Philadelphia (1929) where he taught New Testament until his death. His continued opposition during the 1930s to liberalism in his denomination's foreign missions agencies led to the creation of a new organization, The Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions (1933). The trial, conviction and suspension from the ministry of Independent Board members, including Machen, in 1935 and 1936 provided the rationale for the formation in 1936 of the OPC.
Representative Books
The Origin of Paul's Religion (1921)
Christianity and Liberalism (1923)
New Testament Greek for Beginners (1923)
What is Faith? (1925)
The Virgin Birth of Christ (1930)
Christian Faith in the Modern World (1936)
The Christian View of Man (1937)
God Transcendent, edited by Ned B. Stonehouse (1949)
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AUDIO: J. Gresham Machen's Response to Modernism: A devotional biographical sketch by John Piper
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Christianity and Liberalism (1923)
Read Online at Bible Believer's web site or Read Online at the Center for Reformed Theology and Apologetics web site
Read Online at archive.org PDF Download
The Origin of Paul's Religion (1921)
Read Online PDF Download
What is faith? [microform] (1925)
Read Online PDF Download
Recent Criticism of the Book of Acts (1919)
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The Literature and History of New Testament Times (1915)
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Christianity & Culture (from the Princeton Theological, Volume 11, 1913
Read Online at the Reformation Ink web site
Three Articles on Atonement from 1936 (Originally given as radio addresses.)
Article 1: - The Doctrine of the Atonement; Article 2 - The Active Obedience of Christ; Article 3 - The Bible and the Cross
Read Online at Larry G. Marshall's web site
Jesus & Paul (from the Biblical and Theological Studies, 1912)
Read Online at the Reformation Ink web site or from Google Books
History & Faith (from the Princeton Theological Review, Volume 13, 1915
Read Online at the Reformation Ink web site
The Importance of Christian Scholarship
Read Online at the Bible Presbyterian Church Reading Room web site
The Resurrection of Christ
Read Online at the Reformation Ink web site

Princeton Theological Seminary Digital Library:

The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 11:1 (1990)
Understanding J. Gresham Machen by George Marsden
The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 2:2 (1979)
J. Gresham Machen: Apologist and Exegete by Cullen I K Story
The Princeton Theological Review (1927)
The Integrity of the Lucan Narrative of the Annunciation by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1926)
The Relation of Religion to Science and Philosophy by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1925)
The Modern Use of the Bible by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1924)
The God of the Early Christians by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 17:3 (1923)
Recent Books by Dr. Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1922)
Liberalism or Christianity by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 15:4 (1921)
Dr. Machen's New Book
The Princeton Theological Review (1919)
Recent Criticism of the Book of Acts by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1915)
History and Faith by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 8:1 (1914)
Professor Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1913)
Christianity and Culture by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1912)
The Hymns of the First Chapter of Luke by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1912)
The Origin of the First Two Chapters of Luke by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1912)
The Virgin Birth in the Second Century by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1906)
II. The New Testament Account of the Birth of Jesus by J. Gresham Machen
The Princeton Theological Review (1905)
VI. The New Testament Account of the Birth of Jesus by J. Gresham Machen

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